Amelia MacRae

PhD Candidate

Animal Welfare Program

Faculty of Land and Food Systems

University of British Columbia

I am examining non-invasive methods for identifying pain in non-human animals such as facial grimace, changes in eye temperature measured with IRT, behaviour and vocalizations. The majority of my work has focused on harbour seals (Phoca vitulina), and on horses.

Research Keywords: Non-human animals, Pain, Stress response, Welfare

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